[flac-dev] 64-bit residuals

Brian Willoughby brianw at audiobanshee.com
Thu Mar 24 16:59:10 UTC 2022

Can you briefly explain the consequences of this unexpected residual?

Will a 24-bit crafted file be compressed in a lossy way?

Are there tests in the FLAC suite that would reveal this?

Can we add such a crafted 24-bit file to the test suite?

When would the new _ultrawide variants of existing functions be used?

... I ask because my use of FLAC is entirely 24-bit, so I appreciate the discovery of this potential issue.

Brian Willoughby

On Mar 24, 2022, at 09:05, Martijn van Beurden <mvanb1 at gmail.com> wrote:
> Hi all,
> I just filed an issue on github:
> https://github.com/xiph/flac/issues/306 Long story short: libFLAC
> currently uses 32-bit signed integers for residuals, but using certain
> 24-bit (crafted) material can overflow this. For examples and an
> explanation see the github issue.
> I'm sending this e-mail because I'd like to attract some extra
> attention towards it. I'm working on patching this, but the residual
> is actually exported through the API (as part of the subframe) so I'd
> like to have some discussion on what would be the best way to fix
> this. I see the following options:
> 1) Change all residual handling from 32-bit int to 64-bit int. This
> might incur a performance penalty and it might invalidate certain
> approaches now used with intrinsics. It also presents an API change
> 2) Change the current 32-bit signed integer arrays which are used for
> residual handling to a union within a struct. This union would hold
> both a 32-bit int and a 64-bit int variant of the residual, and the
> struct would include a bool to clarify which of the two is being used.
> For each function manipulating residuals (bitreader, bitwriter, lpc
> restore etc.) a new _ultrawide variant is written and at several
> places in the code a decision has to be added whether to use the
> _ultrawide variant or the existing ones. This changes the API a little
> more, but makes it able to keep the current intrinsics accelerated
> functions
> 3) Add a note to the FLAC spec that residuals should not exceed
> 32-bit, and add a mechanism to the encoder to ascertain this. In case
> the encoder finds a residual exceeding the 32-bit range, it defaults
> to using a verbatim subframe.
> Any thoughts?

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