[flac-dev] 64-bit residuals

Jim Gray jgray at elcaminostudios.com
Thu Mar 24 16:42:38 UTC 2022

Hi Martijn,

I just want to thank you for your thoughtful attention to these details. 
Much appreciated!


On Thu, March 24, 2022 9:05 am, Martijn van Beurden wrote:

> Hi all,
> I just filed an issue on github:
> https://github.com/xiph/flac/issues/306 Long story short: libFLAC
> currently uses 32-bit signed integers for residuals, but using certain
> 24-bit (crafted) material can overflow this. For examples and an
> explanation see the github issue.
> I'm sending this e-mail because I'd like to attract some extra
> attention towards it. I'm working on patching this, but the residual is
> actually exported through the API (as part of the subframe) so I'd like to
> have some discussion on what would be the best way to fix this. I see the
> following options:
> 1) Change all residual handling from 32-bit int to 64-bit int. This
> might incur a performance penalty and it might invalidate certain
> approaches now used with intrinsics. It also presents an API change 2)
> Change the current 32-bit signed integer arrays which are used for
> residual handling to a union within a struct. This union would hold both a
> 32-bit int and a 64-bit int variant of the residual, and the
> struct would include a bool to clarify which of the two is being used. For
> each function manipulating residuals (bitreader, bitwriter, lpc restore
> etc.) a new _ultrawide variant is written and at several places in the
> code a decision has to be added whether to use the _ultrawide variant or
> the existing ones. This changes the API a little more, but makes it able
> to keep the current intrinsics accelerated functions 3) Add a note to the
> FLAC spec that residuals should not exceed
> 32-bit, and add a mechanism to the encoder to ascertain this. In case
> the encoder finds a residual exceeding the 32-bit range, it defaults to
> using a verbatim subframe.
> Any thoughts?
> _______________________________________________
> flac-dev mailing list flac-dev at xiph.org
> http://lists.xiph.org/mailman/listinfo/flac-dev

More information about the flac-dev mailing list